You can do a lot of configuration of ESXi through the GUI, but one thing I’ve found that you cannot do is configure SNMP.
I can see in the GUI that SNMP service is stopped, and that’s about it:
- Even if you can manage to get the service started from the GUI, you’ll still have to set your community string somehow. I couldn’t exactly find a place to set that, so it’s off to the CLI we go.
So here’s how to enable SNMP and configure the community string/firewall on ESXi 6.0 or 6.5:
1. SSH to host
- SSH should be enabled. If not, enable it.
2. Set SNMP community string
- Enter the following command to set your string, replacing YOUR_COMM_STRING with your own.
esxcli system snmp set --communities YOUR_COMM_STRING
3. Enable SNMP service
- Enter the following command to enable the SNMP service
esxcli system snmp set --enable true
4. Adjust firewall
- Chances are that your ESXi firewall is already allowing this traffic, but just in case, allow connections from anywhere.
esxcli network firewall ruleset set --ruleset-id snmp --allowed-all true esxcli network firewall ruleset set --ruleset-id snmp --enabled true
- A more secure approach would be to restrict access to a range of IPs or a particular host. In this case, we are only allowing
192.168.0.0-192.168.0.254to poll SNMP.
esxcli network firewall ruleset set --ruleset-id snmp --allowed-all false esxcli network firewall ruleset allowedip add --ruleset-id snmp --ip-address 192.168.0.0/24 esxcli network firewall ruleset set --ruleset-id snmp --enabled true
5. Restart SNMP service
It took a good 30-45 seconds for the service to restart on my host. Once this is done, you can confirm that the service is running via GUI:
- Here’s a transcript of my shell session, for your reference:
[[email protected]:~] esxcli system snmp set --communities TYLERMADECOMM [[email protected]:~] esxcli system snmp set --enable true [[email protected]:~] esxcli network firewall ruleset set --ruleset-id snmp --allowed-all true Already allowed all ip [[email protected]:~] esxcli network firewall ruleset set --ruleset-id snmp --enabled true [[email protected]:~] /etc/init.d/snmpd restart root: snmpd Running from interactive shell, running command: esxcli system snmp set -e false. root: snmpd setting up resource reservations. root: snmpd opening firewall port(s) for notifications. root: snmpd watchdog for snmpd started. [[email protected]:~]
Personally I am utilizing OpenNMS Horizon to graph the SNMP Interface Data for the VM Network. Another popular alternative that I have used is LibreNMS which is much better graphically in my opinion.
I hope this helps. Thank you for reading.
Geandson Santos · February 3, 2020 at 7:57 am
Muito obrigado! Aqui funcionou perfeitamente.
Stevenes · December 9, 2019 at 12:43 pm
haikalshiddiq · May 15, 2019 at 3:55 am
Thanks bro for your article. very helpful with detail step 😀
Farhan · September 4, 2018 at 7:29 am
Hi SNMP on ESXi5.5 is not working, I have 3 Hosts in cluster, SNMP on two are working but one host is creating problem.
here is the error message when i test it using SNMPWALK:
%Failed to get value of SNMP variable. Timeout.
I have restarted the snmp service re-configure using commands mentioned in this post but still facing problem.
Any thoughts would be appreciated.
server user · August 28, 2018 at 4:30 pm
thanks work for me too
Gayan · August 2, 2018 at 10:33 pm
Worked for my Dell R640 ESXI 6.5 . Many thanks.
Android · June 14, 2018 at 3:21 pm
Is This Configuration for SNMP Trap Monitoring or SNMP Polling?
Tyler Woods · June 27, 2018 at 1:29 am
Rich Ericksen · June 7, 2018 at 12:31 am
i know this guy, and found this website randomly 🙂 It helped, thanks tyler.
--wolfegang76 · February 7, 2018 at 3:46 pm
Do these custom firewall settings persist across reboots??? From what I’ve read, firewall changes do not persist unless you create a custom VIB and install it on the host…
Nikolay Nikolov · December 28, 2017 at 5:28 am
Thank you!! I’ve done this to my 4 esxi 6.5 hosts and all of them works fine!
Thank you again Tyler!
Michael MacFaden · October 27, 2017 at 11:12 am
BTW, To view the set of firewall rules:
esxcli network firewall ruleset rule list
Michael MacFaden · October 27, 2017 at 11:08 am
Now that its 2017, SNMPv3 has been a standard for 15 years .
Please consider using a SECURE protocol, for both ESXi and Virtual Center Server
configure your SNMP agents as follow:
Tyler Woods · October 27, 2017 at 11:12 am
I appreciate your input, Michael!
perry · October 10, 2017 at 12:51 pm
Thanks for the guide Tyler. This worked perfectly on my host running ESXi 6.5.0 build-4564106. Your guide is infinitely easier to follow than the official guide from VMWare.
Tyler Woods · October 11, 2017 at 1:37 am
Perry, I’m happy that this worked for you and that it is easier to understand than the VMware KB
Thank you for your feedback!
ibmnew · October 10, 2017 at 11:11 am
The best and working guide I have seen on all my searches at VMWare. This site is so not user friendly. You nailed it, many thanx! Nice work.
Tyler Woods · October 11, 2017 at 1:33 am
Thank you for your kind words! I’m really glad this worked out for you.
turnpike420 · July 19, 2017 at 10:40 am
ESXi 6.0.0 build 4600944: when I follow the above and run “esxcli system snmp get” just before running the restart command it returns Enable: true; however after I run the restart command it returns Enable: false so I have to re-run “esxcli system snmp set –enable true”. Only then can I snmpwalk the ESXi system. Also, Enable: true is not persistent after an ESXi host reboot. The firewall and community name settings appear to remain persistent after reboot. I added the enable true line to /etc/rc.local.d/local.sh and that made it persistent after reboot.
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